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History of Polish Society of Crystal Growth

Contents:

1st Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (1991)
Registration of PSCG
2th Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (1992)
3th Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (1993)
4th Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (1995)
5th Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (1998)
6th Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (2001)

The Polish Society for Crystal Growth, abbreviated hereafter as PSCG, was constituted during its first general assembly held on 23 May 1991 in Czestochowa. The general assembly formed a part of the First Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (PCCG-I) held in the Pedagogical University of Czestochowa during 23-24 May 1991. The PCCG-I was organised by Keshra Sangwal, then a university professor in Czestochowa, while the PSCG was constituted at the initiative of Anna Pajaczkowska (then an associate professor at the Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw) and Keshra Sangwal.

The first general assembly accepted a draft of the constitution for the PSCG with "Polskie Towarzystwo Wzrostu Krysztalow (PTWK)" as its Polish name, and Jagiellonian University, Cracow, as its headquarters. The general assembly approved a two-year term for its Governing Board (Zarzad Glowny) and elected the following officers:

  • Anna Pajaczkowska (Inst. Phys. PASc, Warsaw), President
  • Stanislaw Hodorowicz (UJ, Cracow), President-elect (for 1993-1995)
  • Waldemar Giersz (IEMT, Warsaw), Secretary
  • Keshra Sangwal (Tech. Univ., Lublin), Secretary - Elect (for the term 1993-1995)
  • Ryszard Kubiak (Inst. Low Temp. and Structural Res., Wroclaw), Treasurer

In addition, the following officers were elected in the Controlling Commission (Komisja Rewizyjna) of the PSCG:

  • Stanislaw Bednarski (Inst. Atomic Energy, Swierk), Chairman
  • Ewa Mielniczek (Pedagogical Univ. Czestochowa), Member
  • Ewa Talik (Silesian Univ., Katowice), Member

One of the outstanding aspects of the PCCG-I was that the inaugural lecture was called the Czochralski Lecture with the aim of commemorating the contribution of Jan Czochralski (Professor at the Warsaw University of Technology during 1929 and 1945) to the field of crystal growth. In fact this symbolic gesture was intended to remind the younger generation of Poles that Czochralski had roots in the Polish soil despite inaccurate records of his origin in some of the scientific literature and condemnation by the Polish People's rule of his so-called collaboration during the Nazi occupation of Poland. The Czochralski Lecture was given by Prof. Julian Auleytner, a leading authority in the country in the field of characterisation of crystals by diffraction techniques. A brief sketch of the life and scientific achievements of Prof. Jan Czochralki was provided by Dr Pawel Tomaszewski (Institute of Law-Temperature and Structural Research, Wroclaw).

In terms of the number of both participants present and scientific works presented in the conference the PCCG-I was relatively small. In all 29 participants took part, and 5 lectures (including the two lectures mentioned above) and 19 oral presentations were given.

Immediately after the PCCG-I documents, signed by Anna Pajaczkowska, Ryszard Kubiak, Stanislaw Hodorowicz, Keshra Sangwal and Ewa Talik as the founding members of the PSCG, for its official registration were submitted to I Civil Department of Voivod Court in Cracow. On the basis of the decision no. Ns. Rej. ST 39/92 of the court PSCG was registered on 08.06.1992.

On June 1992 a one-day conference (PCCG-II) was organised by Anna Pajaczkowska in the Institute of Electronic Materials Technology. In this conference only lectures were delivered. The Czochralski Lecture was given by Prof. Cornellius S.F. Woensdregt (University of Utrecht, The Netherlands).

PCGG-III was organised by Anna Pajaczkowska in the Institute of Physics PASc, Warsaw, during 27-28 May 1993. During the PCCG-III the General Assembly elected Presidentelect, Secretary-elect and Treasurer, while the Presidentelect and Secretary-elect from the previous elections in Czestochowa assumed the duties of the new term of the Governing Board. Moreover, elections for the board of Controlling Commission were held.

Governing Board:

  • Stanislaw Hodorowicz (UJ, Cracow), President
  • Marian A. Herman (Inst. Phys. PASc, Warsaw), President-elect (term 1993-1995)
  • Keshra Sangwal (Tech. Univ. Lublin), Secretary
  • Tadeusz Lukasiewicz (IEMT, Warsaw), Secretary-elect (term 1993-1995)
  • Jan M. Olchowik (Tech. Univ. Lublin), Treasurer

Controlling Commission:

  • Stanislaw Bednarski (Inst. Atomic Energy, Swierk), Chairman
  • Ewa Mielniczek (Pedagogical Univ. Czestochowa), Member
  • Ewa Talik (Silesian Univ., Katowice), Member

In comparison with the PCCG-I, PCCG-III was much larger and the conference language was English. Apart from the Czochralski Lecture by Prof. Roman Pampuch, a leading specialist in the field of ceramics, 14 invited lectures and 5 oral presentations were given. Moreover, a poster session was held, in which 30 works were presented. The total number of participants was around 90, including 8 foreign participants.

In a meeting of the Governing Board of PSCG held in Cracow during Spring 1994 an important decision was taken. It concerned the organisation of scientific events by the society. It was agreed that in future only periodically arranged conferences simultaneously with the General Assembly of its members will have the numbers of PCCG. All conferences and seminars during the tenure of the Governing Board will be treated as irregular events organised by the society.

The PCCG-IV was organised during 7-9 May 1995 by Stanislaw Hodorowicz in the Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Cracow. The Czochralski Lecture was delivered by Prof. Andrzej Kisiel (Jagellonian University). In the meeting of the General Assembly some changes of farreaching consequences in the constitution and structure of the Governing Board were approved. The first change concerned the tenure of officers of the Governing Board. In view of a 3-year term for the Governing Board of International Organisation for Crystal Growth where the Polish Society of Crystal Growth is represented by its president and the periodic organisation of International Conference on Crystal Growth every third year, the General Assembly of PSCG adopted a 3-year term of office for its Governing Board. The second change concerned the functioning of the society in four sections: (1) bulk crystals, (2) crystalline microstructure, (3) characterisation of crystals and crystalline structures, and (4) molecular and liquid crystals, with Prof. Anna Pajaczkowska, Prof. Maciej Oszwaldowski, Prof. Andrzej Kisiel and Prof. Jozef Zmija as their chairpersons, respectively. The third change concerned a greater number of the officers of the Governing Board. The General Assembly approved a consitution amendment that apart from the president the Governing Board should be represented by outgoing president, president-elect, chairpersons of different sections, secretary and treasurer. This amendment was thought to be necessary keeping in mind the smooth functioning of the society. The General Assembly also recommended that the secretary and the treasurer should be from the institution where the society has its headquarters. The elections resulted in the bodies given below.

Governing Board:

  • Marian A. Herman (Inst. Vacuum Technology, Warsaw), President
  • Keshra Sangwal (Techn. Univ. Lublin), President-elect (term 1998-2001)
  • Stanislaw Hodorowicz (Jagiellonian Univ.), Past President
  • Andrzej Olech (Jagiellonian Univ., Cracow), Secretary
  • Barbara Borzecka-Prokop (Jagiellonian Univ., Cracow), Treasurer
  • Anna Pajaczkowska (IEMT, Warsaw), Member
  • Macej Oszwaldowski (Tech. Univ. Poznan), Member
  • Andrzej Kisiel (Jagiellonian Univ., Cracow), Member
  • Jozef Zmija (Military Univ. Technology, Warsaw), Member
  • Tadeusz Lukasiewicz (IEMT, Warsaw), Member

Controlling Commission:

  • Wojciech Sadowski (Tech. Univ. Gdansk), Chairman
  • Izabela Pracka (IEMT, Warsaw), Member
  • Ewa Talik (Silesian Univ., Katowice), Member

In the PCCG-IV in all 10 invited lectures and 5 short oral presentations were given in the conference. The poster session contained 30 works. Unfortunately, abstracts of the works were not printed in the form of an abstracts book. However, some papers based on the works presented in the conference were published later in the IEMT journal Materialy Elektroniczne (1996). The number of particpants was about 50, including 1 from abroad.

During the period 1995-1998 the sections on bulk crystals and crystalline microstructures were activated and symposia were organised by these sections. Prof. Andrzej Kisiel felt that it was not mature to organise a section on characterisation.

The Fifth Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (PCCG-V) was organised during 10-14 May 1998 in Naleczow by Keshra Sangwal. The Czochralski Lecture was delivered by Prof. Wladyslaw Piekarczyk (Institute of Physics PASc, Warsaw), a leading specialist in the field of synthesis of diamond films. The meeting of the General Assembly was held on 11 May. Among the most important decisions taken in the meeting was a change in the headquarters of the society from Cracow to Warsaw, mainly due to difficulties faced by the then Governing Board. At the suggestion of the President Prof. M.A. Herman the General Assembly entrusted the responsibility of activating the section on molecular and liquid crystals to Dr. Stanis^aw Klosowicz (Military Univ. Technology, Warsaw). During separate meetings of the three sections chairpersons and their deputies were elected. For the election of chairperson and deputy chairperson a simple procedure was adopted. Among the proposed candidates, candidate with the highest number of votes was declared elected as the chairperson while the one next to him as his deputy. Thus the following was the outcome:
(a) BBulk Crystals - Prof. Wladyslaw Piekarczyk and Prof. Stanislaw Krukowski,
(b) Crystalline Microstructures - Prof. Maciej Oszwaldowski and Dr. Zbigniew Zytkiewicz, and
(c) Molecular and Liquid Crystals - Dr. Stanislaw Klosowicz and Dr Andrzej Olech.
The lists of elected officers in the Governing Board and the Controlling Commission are given below.

Governing Board:

  • Keshra Sangwal (Tech. Univ. Lublin), President
  • Anna Pajaczkowska (IEMT, Warsaw), President-Elect (term 2001-2004)
  • Marian A. Herman (Inst. Vacuum Technology, Warsaw), Past-President
  • Tadeusz Lukasiewicz (IEMT, Warsaw), Secretary
  • Wieslaw Polak (Tech. Univ. Lublin), Technical Secretary
  • Dorota Pawlak (IEMT, Warsaw), Treasurer
  • Wladyslaw Piekarczyk (Inst. Phys., PASc, Warsaw), Member
  • Maciej Oszwaldowski (Tech. Univ. Poznan), Member
  • Stanislaw Klosowicz (Military Univ. Technology, Warsaw), Member

Controlling Commission:

  • Wojciech Sadowski (Tech. Univ. Gdansk), Chairman
  • Krystyna Mazur (IEMT, Warsaw), Member
  • Krystyna Wokulska (Silesian Univ., Katowice), Member

About 80 participants, including 20 from abroad, took part in the PCCG-V. In all 20 invited lectures, including the Czochralski Lecture, 15 oral presentations and 43 posters were presented in the conference. Papers based on the works presented in the conference were processed by Prof. Keshra Sangwal and were published in a special issue of the journal Crystal Research and Technology, Vol. 34 (5-6) 1999.

During the period 1998-2001 the sections on bulk crystals and crystalline microstructures actively participated in organising national symposia and international conferences. However, the activities of the section on molecular and liquid crystals remained poor. One of the most important achievement of this duration was the organisation of the website of the PSCG, with basic information about the Governing Board, members of the Society and their addresses, conferences being organised bt the PSCG, and other relevent events. Dr Wieslaw Polak undertook and completed the ardous task of organising the website.

The Sixth Polish Conference on Crystal Growth (PCCG-VI) was organised during 20-23 May 2001 at the Malta Complex in Poznan by Maciej Oszwaldowski. The Czochralski Lecture was delivered by Prof. Bozena Hilczer (Institute of Molecual Physics PASc, Poznan), a world-known specialist in the field of dielectrics and ferroics. The meeting of the General Assembly was held on 21 May. Among the important decisions taken by the General Assembly were:

  • to assess the sense of the existance of Section on Liquid and Molecular Crystals because of its poor activity during the previous three-year period,
  • constitution of a five-member Chapter to award PSCG prizes for distinguishing master's and doctoral theses.

At the suggestion of the Chairman of the Section on Liquid and Molecular Crystals, Dr. Waldemar Klosowicz (Military Univ. Technology, Warsaw), the final decision about the abolition of the section was deferred until the organisation of the International Conference on Liquid Crystals in September 2001 (Note: The Section on Liquid and Molecular Crystals was finally dissolved on 22 October 2001 during a meeting of the Governing Board). During separate meetings of the remaining two sections chairpersons and their deputies were elected.

The results of these elections were the following:
a) Bulk Crystals - Prof. Marek Kozielski (Chairman) and Prof. Keshra Sangwal (Co-chairman);
b) Crystalline Microstructures - Prof. Maciej Oszwaldowski (Chairman) and Prof. Zbigniew Zytkiewicz (co- chairman).

The lists of elected officers of the Governing Board, the Controlling Commission, and Prizes Chapter are given below.

Governing Board:

  • Anna Pajaczkowska (IEMT, Warsaw), President
  • Stanislaw Krukowski (Inst. High Press. Res., PASc., Warsaw), President-Elect (term 2004-2007)
  • Keshra Sangwal (Tech. Univ. Lublin), Past- President Marek Berkowski (Inst. Phys, PASc, Warsaw),
  • Secretary Barbara Kaczmarek (IEMT, Warsaw), Treasurer
  • Marek Kozielski (Tech. Univ., Poznan),Member
  • Maciej Oszwaldowski (Tech. Univ. Poznan), Member

Controlling Commission:

  • Wojciech Sadowski, Chairman
  • Dobroslawa Kasprowicz, Member
  • Jaroslaw Kisielewski, Member

Prizes Chapter:

  • Bozena Hilczer (Inst. Molec. Phys., PASc., Poznan)
  • Maciej Oszwaldowski (Tech. Univ. Poznan)
  • Antoni Rogalski (MUT, Warsaw)
  • Keshra Sangwal (Tech. Uni. Lublin)

In the PCCG-VI more than 120 participants, including 38 from abroad, took part. In all 18 invited lectures, including the Czochralski Lecture by Prof. B. Hilczer, and a special lecture on the history of crystal growth as a science by Prof. R. Kern (France), 13 oral presentations and over 80 posters were presented in the conference. Papers based on the works presented in the conference were published in a special issue of the journal Crystal Research and Technology [Vol. 36 (8-10) 2001], with Prof. Keshra Sangwal as its Guest Editor.

Written by Keshra Sangwal: 4 October 1999;
Updated by KS: 5 February 2003.